Live critical thinking events in Europe and 3 steps of critical thinking America! The Foundation is a non-profit organization that seeks to promote essential change in education and society through the cultivation of fairminded critical thinking–thinking which embodies intellectual empathy, intellectual humility, intellectual perseverance, intellectual integrity and intellectual responsibility.
Limited scholarships are available for this event. For facilitators working to bring substantive critical thinking across their respective institutions, into specific departments or divisions, or into their consulting or training work. April 12 – April 14, 2019 at Compton Gardens in Northwest Arkansas. Join us for the 39th World Conference! For the first time, the world’s longest-running critical thinking conference will be held in Europe! We also serve businesses, military, and government.
Fall 2019 Registration is Open Now! The Paulian Framework for critical thinking has been developed and discussed through decades of scholarship by the world’s foremost experts on substantive, explicit, ethical rationality. Our guides encapsulate this framework and many of its applications. The Thinker’s Guide Library Set of 22 Guides. Machine translated pages not guaranteed for accuracy. Click Here for our professional translations.
Accuracy is an important goal in critical thinking, though it is almost always a matter of degree. A sentence having two or more possible meanings. Sensitivity to ambiguity and vagueness in writing and speech is essential to good thinking. A continual effort to be clear and precise in language usage is fundamental to education. Ambiguity is a problem more of sentences than of individual words. Furthermore, not every sentence that can be construed in more than one way is problematic and deserving of analysis.
To break up a whole into its parts, to examine in detail so as to determine the nature of, to look more deeply into an issue or situation. All learning presupposes some analysis of what we are learning, if only by categorizing or labeling things in one way rather than another. A reason or reasons offered for or against something, the offering of such reasons. This term refers to a discussion in which there is disagreement and suggests the use of logic and the bringing forth of facts to support or refute a point. To take for granted or to presuppose. Critical thinkers can and do make their assumptions explicit, assess them, and correct them.
Assumptions can vary from the mundane to the problematic: I heard a scratch at the door. I got up to let the cat in. I assumed that only the cat makes that noise, and that he makes it only when he wants to be let in. All human thought and experience is based on assumptions. Our thought must begin with something we take to be true in a particular context. We are typically unaware of what we assume and therefore rarely question our assumptions.
The power or supposed right to give commands, enforce obedience, take action, or make final decisions. A person with much knowledge and expertise in a field, hence reliable. Critical thinkers recognize that ultimate authority rests with reason and evidence, since it is only on the assumption that purported experts have the backing of reason and evidence that they rightfully gain authority. Much instruction discourages critical thinking by encouraging students to believe that whatever the text or teacher says is true. We must clearly distinguish two different senses of the word ’’bias’’.