Note that your research problem determines the type of design you should use, not the other way around! With this in mind, a common mistake made by researchers is that they begin their investigations far too early, before they have thought critically about what information is required to address the research problem. Describe the methods of analysis to background of research paper applied to the data in determining whether or not the hypotheses are true or false. However, you can get a sense of what to do by reviewing the literature of studies that have utilized the same research design.
This can provide an outline to follow for your own paper. The Research Methods Online database contains links to more than 175,000 pages of SAGE publisher’s book, journal, and reference content on quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methodologies. Also included is a collection of case studies of social research projects that can be used to help you better understand abstract or complex methodological concepts. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Research Design: Creating Robust Approaches for the Social Sciences. The essentials of action research design follow a characteristic cycle whereby initially an exploratory stance is adopted, where an understanding of a problem is developed and plans are made for some form of interventionary strategy. Then the intervention is carried out during which time, pertinent observations are collected in various forms.
This is a collaborative and adaptive research design that lends itself to use in work or community situations. Design focuses on pragmatic and solution-driven research outcomes rather than testing theories. Action research studies often have direct and obvious relevance to improving practice and advocating for change. There are no hidden controls or preemption of direction by the researcher.
It is harder to do than conducting conventional research because the researcher takes on responsibilities of advocating for change as well as for researching the topic. Action research is much harder to write up because it is less likely that you can use a standard format to report your findings effectively . Personal over-involvement of the researcher may bias research results. The cyclic nature of action research to achieve its twin outcomes of action and research is time-consuming and complex to conduct. Advocating for change usually requires buy-in from study participants. The Sage Encyclopedia of Action Research. Efron, Sara Efrat and Ruth Ravid.
Action Research in Education: A Practical Guide. A case study is an in-depth study of a particular research problem rather than a sweeping statistical survey or comprehesive comparative inquiry. It is often used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one or a few easily researchable examples. Approach excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue through detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships. A researcher using a case study design can apply a variety of methodologies and rely on a variety of sources to investigate a research problem.