Poland, whose capital cardiovascular disease nursing case study is Warsaw, is located in north central Europe. Poland, with almost 121,000 square miles, is approximately the size of New Mexico, has a population of 38. Through tenacity, determination, and the Catholic Church, the Poles maintained their language, culture, and heritage. Between 1920 and 1939, Poland again became a separate self-governing country following World War I.
After World War II, Poland was once again reconfigured. The discussion of what to do with Poland was undertaken by Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt at the Malta and Potsdam Conferences. This discussion was known as the Polish Question. Polish immigrants and their descendants who have been in America for generations maintain their ethnic heritage by promoting and attending Polish parades, dancing the polka, eating ethnic foods, and actively maintaining the Polish language.
Newer immigrants wanting to stay in America quickly learn American speech patterns and customs. The first substantive Polish settlement in America, Panna Maria, Texas, was led by Father Leopold Moczygemba in 1864. Even though most Poles preferred living in agrarian communities, they gravitated to cities where work for laborers was plentiful. Between the years of 1820 and 1940, over 400,000 Polish immigrants came to America.
The predominant residence for Polish immigrants in America is north of Ohio and east of the Mississippi River. At the peak of Polish migration, Chicago was considered the most well -developed Polish community in America. Polonia was the name of Polish communities found in northeastern and midwestern cities. Members of these Polish communities helped keep Polish nationalism alive by speaking the Polish language, preserving Polish customs, and by attending the local Polish Catholic church run by Polish clergy and the Felician Order of Sisters. Despite their slow assimilation, Polish-Americans are not a homogeneous group. Much of the variation within this ethnic group is owing to age, generation, socioeconomic status, and length of time living in America.
Over 30,000 Polish Americans were killed in World War II defending America. As a result, name changes became common for upwardly mobile Polish-Americans who hoped to decrease discrimination and attain higher-level jobs. Polish immigration to the United States occurred in three major waves. America for economic and religious reasons. These immigrants took low-paying jobs and lived in crowded dwellings just to make a meager living.
The second wave of immigration occurred after World War II. During the war, Poland lost proportionally more people than any other country. The current third wave of immigrants started arriving in 1980. The remaining Polish immigrants of the third wave have chosen America for political and economic reasons.
This group typically consists of well-educated professionals and small-business owners. They bring their families because they have consciously decided to leave Poland forever. This group epitomizes the Polish characteristics of hard work and determination, and actively seeks to learn English and assimilate into their new country. Many Polish-Americans from the second and third wave avoid Polonia communities because the ethnic Polonias of America are different from the Polish communities left behind. The concerns and issues of political representation and discrimination of third- and fourth-generation first-wave immigrants living in America do not seem relevant to second- and third-wave immigrant Poles. Many Polonia communities are located in changing neighborhoods where other minorities have moved.
Educational differences and assimilation into American culture vary widely among Polish immigrants. The range of socioeconomic levels and cultural philosophies often depends on when families emigrated from Poland. Until the 1950s and 1960s, many Polish families were slow to recognize the value of education for their children. Before World War II, most Polish children went to Polish Catholic schools where they learned Polish culture, language, and Catholicism.
For first- and second-generation first-wave immigrants, work was considered more important than education. As a consequence, until the late 1950s many children followed in their fathers’ footsteps by working in union jobs. The second wave of Polish emigrants placed a high value on education and culture. Poles are known for epic works in prose and poetry. In the 1950s, the Polish community in America had a renewed interest in scholarly and cultured endeavors. The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences began publishing The Polish Review, a scholarly journal devoted to the works of Polish scholars, and the Kosciuszko Foundation encourages cultural exchanges between Poland and America and provides scholarships to Polish-American students.
After World War II, many Polish Catholics were blue-collar workers who valued hard work as honorable. For females, education was seen as even less necessary because a high value was placed on women staying at home and rearing the children. 5 million native and immigrant Poles in the workforce. 11 percent, operators, fabricators, or laborers. The remaining males work in a variety of semiskilled and unskilled settings. The dominant language of people living in Poland is Polish with some regional dialects and differences.
Generally, most Polish-speaking people can communicate with each other. Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in learning to speak the Polish language among Polish-Americans. Both adults and children are learning Polish in Polish churches, cultural centers, and colleges. Polish radio stations help keep an ongoing interest in the Polish language, music, and culture. The Polish language was influenced by the countries surrounding Poland and by the Latin of eleventh and twelfth century kings.