Dear Twitpic Community – thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Ernst Röhm, ernst and young case study interview son of a railway official, was born in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, on 28th November, 1887. Röhm later complained that his father was domineering and harsh.
In his memoirs he recalled that “from my childhood I had only one thought and wish – to be a soldier”. Röhm joined the German Army in 1906 and two years later had reached the rank of lieutenant. He was described as “a fanatical, simple-minded swashbuckler” soldier and by the outbreak of the First World War he was a company commander. On 2nd June, 1916, Röhm was seriously wounded during an assault on Thiamont, part of the belt of fortifications at Verdun. He was “disfigured for life, his skin marked forever with the signs of his military vocation”. The journalist, Konrad Heiden, later reported: “Three times wounded in the war, he returned each time to the front.
He was more a soldier than an officer. At the end of the war Röhm had reached the rank of captain. He was assigned to District Command VII in Munich. Röhm strongly believed that army officers should become involved in politics. Under his influence the army’s special intelligence section was formed to maintain a watchful eye over the many political groups that were formed after the war. At the end of the war left-wing socialists were in control in Bavaria, where Kurt Eisner, the leader of the the Independent Socialist Party, had formed a coalition government with the Social Democratic Party.
Röhm arranged for right-wing opponents of the coalition government to receive arms and ammunition from the military. He later wrote: “Since I am an immature and wicked man, war and unrest appeal to be more than good bourgeois order. This included providing help to Colonel Franz Epp, the leader of the Freikorps in Bavaria. Hans Mend, who spent time with Hitler in Munich that year later claimed: “Hitler made persistent attempts to obtain a senior position with the Communists, but he couldn’t get into the Munich directorate of the Communist Party although he posed as an ultra-radical. Ernst Röhm arranged for Colonel Franz Epp to receive a secret cache of weapons. Resistance was quickly and ruthlessly broken.
Adolf Hitler was arrested with other soldiers in Munich and accused of being a socialist. Hundreds of socialists were executed without trial but Hitler was able to convince them that he had been an opponent of the regime. It seems almost certain that Ernst Röhm helped to protect him during this period. On 30th May 1919 Major Karl Mayr was appointed as head of the Education and Propaganda Department. He was given considerable funds to build up a team of agents or informants and to organize a series of educational courses to train selected officers and men in “correct” political and ideological thinking. Mayr was also given the power to finance “patriotic” parties, publications and organizations. Captain Röhm was one of those who joined this unit.
Röhm told Mayr about the abilities of Hitler. On 5th June 1919, Hitler began a course on political education at Munich University that had been organized by Mayr. Hitler attended courses entitled “German History Since the Reformation”, “The Political History of the War”, “Socialism in Theory and Practice”, “our Economic Situation and Peace Conditions” and “The Connection between Domestic and Foreign Policy”. Ernst Röhm The main aim was to promote his political philosophy favoured by the army and help to combat the influence of the Russian Revolution on the German soldiers. 25 persons present, most of them belonging to the lower classes. I had heard it in the lecture course Therefore, I could concentrate my attention on studying the society itself. The impression it made upon me was neither good nor bad.
Hitler discovered that the party’s political ideas were similar to his own. He approved of Drexler’s German nationalism and anti-Semitism but was unimpressed with what he saw at the meeting. Hitler was just about to leave when a man in the audience began to question the logic of Feder’s speech on Bavaria. Hitler joined in the discussion and made a passionate attack on the man who he described as the “professor”. Marxist and trades-union phraseology, and that he had come back to the nationalist ideals.