Greek term for honor, esteem, or dignity. Thus, for Plato, a timocratic society or person is unduly governed by concern for public dignity pragmatic knowledge+thesis reputation. The philosophy of time travel assumes that travel to the past is physically possible and proceeds to discuss the philosophical consequences of this assumption: Changing The Past: If it is possible to return to the past then it follows that it I possible to change the past.
It the past is changed then something both did and did not happen and this is a contradiction. Greek skeptic who expounded and defended the views of Pyrrhonism by offering satirical commentary on the works of Plato, Aristotle, and other Greek philosophers. A particular instance of a word or sign, as opposed to the abstract kind or type it exemplifies. Reasoning from the fact that we do have experiences or engage in practices of a certain sort to the truth of those conditions without which these experiences or practices would not be possible.
Example: “If it produces pleasure, then it is right. If it isn’t right, then it doesn’t produce pleasure. A simple truth-table shows the reliability of inferences of this sort. Russian social and political philosopher who participated in the Bolshevik revolution but was later exiled by Stalin. A compound statement or connective is truth-functional if its truth or meaning is wholly determined by the possible combinations of truth-value of its component statements.
A simple chart showing the possible combinations of truth-values for a statement form or an argument form in the propositional calculus. The informal fallacy of replying to criticism by arguing that one’s opponent is guilty of something equally improper. Example: “Republicans claim that Democrats make illegal use of campaign funds. But they do the same thing themselves, so there is no reason to enforce campaign finance laws. The solution proposed by Russell for the self-referential paradox that arises from the notion of “the class of all classes that are not members of themselves.