A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. Let’s take a closer research paper hypothesis at how a hypothesis is used, formed, and tested in scientific research. How Is a Hypothesis Used in the Scientific Method? In the scientific method, whether it involves research in psychology, biology, or some other area, a hypothesis represents what the researchers think will happen in an experiment.
The hypothesis is what the researchers’ predict the relationship between two or more variables, but it involves more than a guess. Most of the time, the hypothesis begins with a question which is then explored through background research. It is only at this point that researchers begin to develop a testable hypothesis. In a study exploring the effects of a particular drug, the hypothesis might be that researchers expect the drug to have some type of effect on the symptoms of a specific illness. In psychology, the hypothesis might focus on how a certain aspect of the environment might influence a particular behavior.
Unless you are creating a study that is exploratory in nature, your hypothesis should always explain what you expect to happen during the course of your experiment or research. Remember, a hypothesis does not have to be correct. While the hypothesis predicts what the researchers expect to see, the goal of the research is to determine whether this guess is right or wrong. When conducting an experiment, researchers might explore a number of factors to determine which ones might contribute to the ultimate outcome.
In many cases, researchers may find that the results of an experiment do not support the original hypothesis. When writing up these results, the researchers might suggest other options that should be explored in future studies. How Do Researchers Come up With a Hypothesis? In many cases, researchers might draw a hypothesis from a specific theory or build on previous research.
For example, prior research has shown that stress can impact the immune system. So a researcher might for a specific hypothesis that: “People with high-stress levels will be more likely to contract a common cold after being exposed to the virus than are people who have low-stress levels. In other instances, researchers might look at commonly held beliefs or folk wisdom. Birds of a feather flock together” is one example of folk wisdom that a psychologist might try to investigate. The researcher might pose a specific hypothesis that “People tend to select romantic partners who are similar to them in interests and educational level.
Is your hypothesis based on your research on a topic? Does your hypothesis include independent and dependent variables? Before you come up with a specific hypothesis, spend some time doing background research on your topic. Once you have completed a literature review, start thinking about potential questions you still have. The first step of a psychological investigation is to identify an area of interest and develop a hypothesis that can then be tested. While a hypothesis is often described as a hunch or a guess, it is actually much more specific.
A hypothesis can be defined as an educated guess about the relationship between two or more variables. For example, a researcher might be interested in the relationship between study habits and test anxiety. The researcher would propose a hypothesis about how these two variables are related, such as “Test anxiety decreases as a result of effective study habits. Start by collecting as many observations about something as you can. Evaluate these observations and look for possible causes of the problem.