Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. This article appeared in Volume 8, Number the turner thesis assessment answers of ATF. Select this link to see the table of contents for this issue.
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Now includes TRIAGE IN A DISASTER. THIS EXAM INCLUDES SOME PARTS ALL OF THE QUIZZES I OFFER BUT YOU MAY PURCHASE SEPARATELY IF DESIRED. Jump to navigation Jump to search In social psychology, group polarization refers to the tendency for a group to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclination of its members. Group polarization is an important phenomenon in social psychology and is observable in many social contexts. For example, a group of women who hold moderately feminist views tend to demonstrate heightened pro-feminist beliefs following group discussion. Research has suggested that well-established groups suffer less from polarization, as do groups discussing problems that are well known to them. However, in situations where groups are somewhat newly formed and tasks are new, group polarization can demonstrate a more profound influence on the decision-making.
Attitude polarization, also known as belief polarization and polarization effect, is a phenomenon in which a disagreement becomes more extreme as the different parties consider evidence on the issue. It is one of the effects of confirmation bias: the tendency of people to search for and interpret evidence selectively, to reinforce their current beliefs or attitudes. The effect is observed with issues that activate emotions, such as political “hot button” issues. For most issues, new evidence does not produce a polarization effect. Since the late 1960s, psychologists have carried out a number of studies on various aspects of attitude polarization. In 11 of the 14 states, murder rates were lower after adoption of the death penalty.
This research supports the deterrent effect of the death penalty. 10 pairs of neighboring states with different capital punishment laws. In 8 of the 10 pairs, murder rates were higher in the state with capital punishment. This research opposes the deterrent effect of the death penalty. The researchers again asked people about the strength of their beliefs about the deterrence effect of the death penalty, and, this time, also asked them about the effect that the research had had on their attitudes.